Isambard Kingdom Brunel


Isambard Kingdom Brunel was an English mechanical and civil engineer born on April 9, 1806 to Sophie Kingdom and Marc Brunel, also an engineer. Marc played a critical role in teaching Brunel early in his childhood observational techniques all the way to Euclidian geometry, French, and the basics of engineering. Receiving both an education in England and France and undergoing apprenticeship under master clockmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet, Brunel began working for his father in 1822, tasked with digging a tunnel under the River Thames. This was such a dangerous task that work for this tunnel stopped for 8 years before opening in 1843 and Brunel himself suffered injury.

In 1831 Brunel submitted designs for the Clifton Suspension Bridge and won. This bridge was completed in 1864.

Brunel also worked as chief engineer for the Great Western Railway where he constructed a network of tunnels, bridges and viaducts. He built viaducts at Hanwell and Chippenham, the Maidenhead Bidge, the Box Tunnel and Bristol Temple Meads Station. Brunel is the one to introduce the broad gauge instead of the standard gauge in his railways. He also thought up the design of a combination of tubular, suspension and truss bridge which was improved upon for the bridge over Tamar at Saltash. Brunel also built the Paddington Station in London which is still being used today.

Brunel is also famous for designing iconic ships. His steamship the Great Western in 1837 was the first of its kind to have transatlantic service which operated faster than a sailing ship. His ship the Great Britain in 1843 was the world's first propeller-driven, iron-hulled, steam-powered passenger liner. His ship the Great Eastern in 1859 was the largest ship of the time which people doubted could even be created.

In his personal life, he married Mary Horsley in 1836 and had three children: Isambard, Henry and Florence. Henry became an engineer just like his father and grandfather.

After a life full of innovative creations and designs, Isambard Kingdom Brunel died in September 15, 1859 at the age of 53. He was a prolific figure during England's Industrial Revolution.

Contributions to the Tessera

The tunnels within the Horsley Towers are all thanks to Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The ship that held the automatons are also contributions from Brunel. His innovative engineering skills are put to use in protecting the Tessera against S. Without the help of Brunel, the defenses of the Towers would not be as strong.