Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855) was one of the most influential mathematicians of all time. Gauss contributed primarily to number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, mechanics, electrostatics, magnetic fields, astronomy, matrix theory, and optics.
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was born on 30 April 1777 in Brunswick as the son of poor working-class parents. Gauss was a child prodigy and was sent to Collegium Carolinum (now Braunschweig University of Technology) by the Duke of Brunswick at the age of 15. Gauss' first prominent discovery occurred in 1796, when he proved that any regular polygon could be constructed by a compass and straightedge if the number of sides is a power of 2 (2^n) and a set of specific prime numbers.
In 1831, Gauss collaborated with Wilhelm Weber to discover new properties of magnetism that are still useful today and to discover Kirchhoff's circuit laws. It was then when Gauss formulated Gauss' Law, one of the four Maxwell equations. In 1840, Gauss analyzed the formation of images in the small angle approximation and later derived the Gaussian lens formula.
Gauss was married twice, both of his wives died to illness. He had 6 children.
Gauss was a perfectionist and hard worker, tending to not publish his discoveries until he deemed them to be complete. Gauss did not like to teach, and as a result, only took in a few students.
Gauss died in Göttingen on 23 February 1855.
Contribution to the TesseraEdit
Gauss was paramount in the design of the top of the lighthouse seen in level 8. Though Gauss did not design the light itself, he designed the pillar system that powered the light, as the pillars relied on electricity and magnetism to power the central light. He, along with other members of the Tessera, decided that the source of the power for the room should be the energy in the ideas of the Tessera members, primarily because he thought that since he discovered so much that the light would never dim due to his contributions alone. Unfortunately, due to his perfectionist nature, he never submitted most of his discoveries to the room before his untimely death.