Alan Turing
Biography: Alan Turing was born in London, England and is known for being the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence.

Born in 1912, Turing was the the son of a parents that traveled from civil service commission purposes, and thus Alan and his brother stayed with a retired Army couple for much of his youth. He had a natural inclination towards science and math. His passion was pushed further following the death of his peer and beloved friend, Christopher Morcom.

Following his public school education, Turing attended King's College, Cambridge and by 1936 at the age of 23, Turing published his paper "On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entsheidungsproblem", in which he discussed proofs and computation. This lead to devices later known as Turing machines which was a universal computing machine that was capable of solved complicated mathematical computations as algorithms.

He later obtained his PhD at Princeton University, where he led the conversation on ordinal logic and relative computing.

Further than his educational pursuits in computer science, cryptology was a big interest of Alan Turing. Turing was a large component of breaking German ciphers during WWII. He later wrote papers discussing the approaches he used involving math, specifically statistical techniques, to become so proficient at cryptography. He also devised a technique called Turingery for Lorenz cipher messages produced by Germany.

Alan also enjoyed running and was awarded the OBE by King George VI in 1945 for his services during the War. From 1945-1947, Turing worked in London at the National Physical Laboratory where he presented the first detailed design of a stored-program computer. In 1948 he worked at the Victoria University of Manchester to work on software for stored-program computer known as the Machester Mark 1.

Turing was one of the first to define and address "artificial intelligence", which marked machines as intelligent and having the ability to think through problems. Part of this work was known as the Turing test.

Contributions to the Tessera: As the father of a lot of early artificial intelligence work and excellent ability for coding, Alan Turning created the machine to create tiles as seen in level three of The Tessera. However, soon after creating the machine, the S wasn't far behind and preceded to remove the gears that Turning put in place to provide various numerical values to solve the puzzles. Due to the destruction of the machine, Turing fled to go and ensure the safety of his other inventions, since he knew that his fellow Tessera members would be able to fix the machine.